The lush montane forests at El Pahuma are home to a large number of
rare and endemic species, and in 2004 the reserve was designated an
Important Bird Area by Birdlife International. The reserve's list of 155 species has been compiled since 2000 by Ceiba staff and
volunteers, with the help of many visitors to the El Pahuma Orchid Reserve. A
version is available for download
in excel format. Bird surveys are continuing in the reserve --
let us know if you'd like to volunteer in this effort.
If you visit El Pahuma and have a definitive sighting of any species
not yet on our list, please let us know!
Here are a few representatives
of El Pahuma's fabulous bird fauna:
Access more images and video
of the endemic White-tailed Hillstar from the links in the list
Taxonomy and naming conventions taken from: Ridgely,
R.S., and P.J. Greenfield. 2001. The Birds of Ecuador. Cornell
Download the latest El Pahuma Bird List